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Saltwater regulations

These regulations were correct at the time this website was posted, but I urge you to contact the nearest Sea Fisheries office to get updated information before you go fishing.

Saltwater fishing regulations changed in April 2005.

Here are extracts from the Government Gazette No 27453 of 6 April 2005.

Government Notice

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS AND TOURISM

MARINE LIVING RESOURCES ACT, 1998 (ACT NO. 18 OF 1998)

AMENDMENTS TO REGULATIONS PUBLISHED IN TERMS OF THE MARINE LIVING RESOURCES ACT, 1998: GN REGULATION 1111 OF 02 SEPTEMBER 1998

The Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism has amended the Regulations published under the Marine Living Resources Act, 1998, by adding those definitions in Schedule 1 to regulation 1 and has amended Chapter 4, Part 5 (Linefishing) and annexures 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 of the Regulations published under the Marine Living Resources Act, 1998, by deleting Part 5 of Chapter 4 and Annexures 4, 5, 6, 7,8 and 9 in their entirety and replacing them with the regulations and annexures in the Schedule hereto.

SCHEDULE

GENERAL EXPLANATORY NOTE:

Words underlined indicate insertions in existing regulations.

Definitions

"angling" means recreational fishing by manually operating a rod, reel and line or one or more separate lines to which no more than ten hooks are attached per line:

"bag limit" means the maximum number of fish. either in respect of individual species or of total catch offish which may be caught on any one day. or kept in the possession or control of any person:

"cartilaginous fish" means a fish of any species of shark, ray. skate or chimaeras of the class Chondrichthyes:

"cast netting" means fishing by the use of a cast net

"catch return book" means the logbook provided by the Department for the purposes of recording and submitting data offish caught:

"commercial fishing vessel" means a fishing vessel licensed by the Department as a commercial fishing vessel:

"hake handline fishing" means linefishing for hake and other species set out in Annexure 6:

"linefishing* means commercial fishing from a fishing vessel by manually operating a rod, reel and line or one or more separate lines to which no more than ten hooks are attached per line:

"marine aquarium fishing" means recreational fishing for the purposes of obtaining fish for live display:

"spearfishing" means recreational fishing using a speargun:

"Superclass Pisces" means all vertebrate fish species (fish with a backbone), which includes bony fish and cartilaginous fish;

"traditional linefish" means linefishing for the fish species set out in Annexure 4:

"tuna pole fishing" means linefishing for tuna by manually operating a rod, reel and line or one or more separate lines to which no more than ten hooks are attached par line:

Part 5

Recreational Fishing

General

22. (1) Recreational fishing permits may be obtained from an office authorised by the Minister, subject to the payment of the prescribed fee, to engage in one or more types of recreational fishing.

(2) A recreational fishing permit holder shall not sell fish caught on the authority of a recreational fishing permit

(3) The skipper of a fishing vessel used for recreational fishing must be in possession of a recreational fishing permit endorsed for recreational fishing from a vessel.

(4) Except in the case of marine aquarium fishing, the holder of a recreational fishing permit shall not use any artificial respiratory equipment other than a snorkel.

(5) The holder of a recreational fishing permit shall not engage in fishing for, be in possession of, or sell any fish listed in the Prohibited Species List of Annexure 7.

(6) The holder of a recreational fishing permit may engage in fishing for any fish of the superclass Pisces listed in the Permitted Species List of Annexure 7 subject to the restrictions set out in sub-regulations 7, 8 and 9 below.

(7) The holder of a recreational fishing permit shall not engage in fishing for, or be in possession of:

a. any fish smaller than, or of a mass less than, the size-limits listed in respect of each species in the Permitted Species List of Annexure 7;
b. any fish during the closed-season listed in respect of each species in the Permitted Species List of Annexure 7;
c. more fish than the bag limit listed in respect of each species in the Permitted Species List of Annexure 7 on any one day;
d. more than 1 specimen per species of cartilaginous fish on any one day;
e. more than 5 specimens per species of rockcod (family Serranidae) not listed in the Permitted Species List of Annexure 7 on any one day; and
f. more than ten fish irrespective of the species caught, provided that this limit does not apply to those species listed with no bag limit, and to those species with a bag limit exceeding ten.

(8) The size of fish must be measured in a straight line from the tip of the snout to the extreme end of the tail.

(9) All fish, except cartilaginous fish, shall be landed in the whole state and have head and tail intact, except that they may be gutted.

Recreational angling

(10) The holder of a recreational fishing permit, endorsed for angling shall only engage in angling for fish of the superclass Pisces.

(11) The holder of a recreational fishing permit endorsed for angling shall only use a gaff or net for the purpose of landing a fish that has been hooked on line.

(12) The holder of a recreational fishing permit shall not use a club, stick, spear or speargun for fishing.

Recreational spearfishing

(13) The holder of a recreational fishing permit, endorsed for spearfishing, shall only engage in spearfishing for fish of the superclass Pisces.

(14) The holder of a recreational fishing permit endorsed for spearfishing shall not engage in fishing in an estuary.

Recreational cast-netting

(15) The holder of a recreational fishing permit endorsed for cast-netting shall not engage in fishing for, or be in possession of, any fish not listed in the Permitted Species List of Annexure 8.

(16) The holder of a recreational fishing permit, endorsed for cast-netting, shall only utilise a circular net weighted at the circumference for the purpose of casting and not exceeding six meters in diameter.

(17) The holder of a recreational fishing permit endorsed for cast-netting shall not engage in fishing between sunset and sunrise.

ANNEXURE7

RECREATIONAL FISHING

PROHIBITED SPECIES LIST

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Basking shark
Brindle bass
Coelacanth
Great white shark
Natal wrasse
Pipefish & seahorses
Potato bass
Sawfishes
Seventy-four
Whale shark

Cetorhinus maximus
Epinephelus lanceolatus
Latimeria chalumnae
Carcharodon carcharias
Anchichoerops natalensis
Family Syngnathidae
Epinephelus tukula
Family Pristidae
Polysteganus undulosus
Rhinocodon typus

 

PERMITTED SPECIES LIST

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

MINIMUM SIZE/ MASS

BAG LIMITS /CLOSED SEASON

Anchovies

Family Engraulidae

None

None

Baardman (bellman, tasselfish)

Umbrina spp.

40cm

5

Banded galjoen

Dichistius multifasciatus

None

5

Billfishes (marlin, sailfish)

Family Istiophoridae

None

5

Blacktail (dassie)

Diplodus sargus capensis

20cm

5

Blue hottentot

Pachymetopon aeneum

None

5

Bronze bream (bluefish)

Pachymetopon grande

30cm

2

Cape knifejaw

Oplegnathus conwayi

None

5

Cape stumpnose

Rhabdosargus holubi

20cm

5

Carpenter (silverfish)

Argyrozona argyrozona

35cm

4

Catface rockcod

Epinephelus andersoni

50cm

5

Chub mackerel

Scomber japonicus

None

None

Cutlassfish (Walla Walla)

Trichiurus lepturus

None

None

Dageraad

Chrysoblephus cristiceps

40cm

1

Dane

Porcostoma dentate

None

5

Elf (shad)

Pomatomus saltatrix

30cm

4
Closed season from 1 October to 30 November

Englishman

Chrysoblephus anglicus

40cm

1

Fransmadam (Karel grootoog)

Boopsoidea inornata

None

10

Galjoen

Dichistius capensis

35cm

2
Closed season from 15 October to last day of February

Garfishes

Family Belonidae

None

None

Garrick (leervis)

Lichia amia

70cm

2

Geelbek (Cape salmon)

Atractoscion aequidens

60cm

2

Glassies

Family Ambassidae

None

None

Hake (stockfish)

Merluccius spp.

None

5

Halfbeaks

Family Hemiramphidae

None

None

Horse mackerel / maasbanker

Trachurus trachurus capensis

None

None

Hottentot

Pachymetopon blochii

22cm

10

John Brown

Gymnocrotaphus curvidens

None

5

Kingfishes

Caranx spp. and Carangoides spp.

None

5

Kingklip

Genypterus capensis

None

1

King mackerel

Scomberomorus commerson

None

10

Kob caught from a boat at sea [Cape Agulhas to Umtamvuna River]

Argyrosomus spp.

50cm

5
but may only land or be in possession of one kob > 110 cm per day

Kob caught from a boat at sea [The Province of KwaZulu-Natal]

Argyrosomus spp.

40cm

Kob caught in estuaries & from the shore [East of Cape Agulhas only]

Argyrosomus spp.

60cm

1

Kob [West of Cape Agulhas only]

Argyrosomus spp.

50cm

5

Large-spot pompano (wave garrick)

Trachinotus botia

None

5

Leopard cat shark

Poroderma pantherinum

None

1

Mullets / harders

Family Mugilidae

None

50

Natal knifejaw (cuckoo bass)

Oplegnathus robinsoni

None

5

Natal stumpnose (yellowfin bream)

Rhabdosargus sarba

25cm

5

Pinky (piggy)

Pomadasys olivaceum

7.5cm

10

Poenskop (black steenbras or musselcracker)

Cymatoceps nasutus

50cm

1

Queen mackerel

Scomberomorus plurilineatus

None

10

Ragged tooth Shark

Carcharias Taurus

None

1

Red steenbras (copper steenbras)

Petrus rupestris

60cm

1
Closed season from 1 October to 30 November

Red stumpnose (Miss Lucy)

Chrysoblephus gibbiceps

30cm

1

River bream (perch)

Acanthopagrus berda

25 cm

5

River snapper (rock salmon)

Lutjanus argentimaculatus

40cm

5

Roman

Chrysoblephus laticeps

30cm

2

Santer (soldier)

Cheimerius nufar

30cm

5

Sardines (pilchard and red-eye)

Family Clupeidae

None

None

Sauries

Family Scomberesocidae

None

None

Scads

Decapterus spp.

None

None

Scotsman

Polysteganus praeorbitalis

40cm

1

Slinger

Chrysoblephus puniceus

25cm

5

Snoek (Cape snoek)

Thyrsites atun

60cm

10

Southern pompano

Trachinotus africanus

None

5

Spotted grunter (tiger)

Pomadasys commersonnii

40cm

5

Spotted gulley shark

Triakis megalopterus

None

1

Springer (ten pounder)

Elops machnata

None

5

Steentjie

Spondyliosoma emarginatum

None

10

Stonebream

Neoscorpis lithophilus

None

5

Strepie (karanteen)

Sarpa salpa

15cm

10

Striped cat shark

Poroderma africanum

None

1

Swordfish (broadbill)

Xiphias gladius

25kg

5

Squid (Chokka)

Loligo vulgarus reynaudii

None

20

Tunas (tunny)

Thunnus spp.

None

10

Albacore / longfin tuna

Thunnus alalunga

None

10

Bigeye tuna

Thunnus obesus

3.2kg

10

Bluefin tuna

Thunnus thynnus

6.4kg

10

Yellowfin tuna

Thunnus albacares

3.2kg

10

West coast steenbras

Lithognathus aureti

60cm

1

White edged (Captain Fine) rockcod

Epinephelus albomarginatus

40cm

5

White musselcracker (brusher, cracker)

Sparodon durbanensis

60cm

2

White steenbras (pignose grunter)

Lithognathus lithognathus

60cm

1

White stumpnose

Rhabdosargus globicebs

25 on

10

Wolfherring

Chirocentrus dorab

None

None

Yellowbelly rockcod

Epinephelus marginatus

60cm

1

Yellowtail

Seriola lalandi

None

10

Zebra (wildeperd)

Diplodus cervinus hottentotus

30cm

5

ANNEXURE 8

CAST-NET

PERMITTED SPECIES LIST

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Anchovies

Family Engraulidae

Chub mackerel

Scomber japonicus

Glassies

Family Ambassidae

Halfbeaks

Family Hemiramphidae

Horse mackerel / maasbanker

Trachurus trachurus capensis

Mullets / harders

Family Mugilidae

Pinky (piggy)

Pomadasys olivaceum

Sardines (pilchard & red-eye)

Family Clupeidae

Sauries

Family Scomberesocidae

Scads

Decapterus spp.

Strepie (karanteen)

Sarpa salpa

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Last modified: April 15, 2012